Homelessness, also known as being unhoused or unsheltered, is the condition of being without adequate, stable, or safe housing. People who are experiencing homelessness need help and resources to find shelter. It is a serious problem and a major public health problem in the United States and other parts of the world.
The major cause of homelessness is a lack of affordable housing. People who are unemployed or underemployed often have no way to afford rent or mortgage payments. They may be unemployed for many reasons, including recession, physical or mental illness, and other issues. Losing a job can also cause a person to become homeless, as it leaves them without a place to stay until they find a new job. In addition to unemployment, many people who are homeless also suffer from disabilities and are struggling with addictions.
Regardless of the cause of homelessness, a number of people experience trauma. They may have been abused or assaulted. Children who are homeless are especially vulnerable to behavioral and emotional problems, so they need support and services to address their needs. Local homelessness assistance agencies can offer resources and help. There are also many resources available that provide support, food, and other essentials for the homeless.
A growing number of homeless people has been recorded in recent years. Researchers are recognizing that there are many different pathways that lead to homelessness. The percentage of middle-aged men has declined, while the number of families with young children is on the rise. These trends are also associated with the changing geographic dispersion of the homeless population. Homeless people are increasingly visible in previously inaccessible locations.
Homeless people also suffer from mental illnesses, substance abuse, and domestic violence. Many women are also victims of domestic violence and are at high risk of becoming homeless. These factors can make it difficult for an individual to find a job and afford decent housing. However, many organizations and individuals are working to make a difference by providing affordable housing and good-paying jobs for homeless people.
A recent report by the Special Rapporteur on the right to housing focuses on the intersection between homelessness and human rights. It looks at homelessness in different contexts, including indigenous peoples, women, and youth. The report highlights the ways in which homelessness affects people’s economic, social, and political rights. There are a number of causes for homelessness, including lack of affordable housing, speculation, and unplanned urban migration. Also, urban gentrification forces many low-income families into precarious situations.
Hidden homelessness is a much more complex issue. Many people are not aware that they are homeless and depend on friends, family, and neighbors for shelter. Often, these people cannot afford to pay rent and other expenses. This makes it difficult to gather reliable data about how many people are experiencing homelessness and where they are living.